EBP is a problem-solving approach to clinical decision-making within a health care organization. It integrates the best available scientific evidence with the best available experiential (patient and practitioner) evidence. EBP considers internal and external influences on practice and encourages critical thinking in the judicious application of such evidence to the care of individual patients, a patient population, or a system (Newhouse, Dearholt, Poe, Pugh, & White, 2007).
Dearholt, Sandra L., and Dang, Deborah. Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice : Models and Guidelines (2nd Edition).
Experimental study, randomized controlled trial (RCT)
Systematice review of RCTs, with or without meta-analysis
Systematic review of a combination of RCTs and quasi-experimental, or quasi-experimental studies only, with or without meta-analysis.
Systematic review of a combination of RCTs, quasi-experimental and non-experimental, or non-experimental studies only, with or without meta-analysis.
Qualitative studyorsystematice review, with or without meta-analysis
Opinion of respected authorities and/or nationally recognized expert committees/consensus panels based on scientific evidence.
- Clinical practice guidelines
- Consensus panels
Based on experiential and non-research evidence.
- Literature reviews
- Quality improvement, program or financial evaluation
- Case reports
-Opinion of nationally recognized expert(s) based on experiential evidence
From Johns Hopkins nursing evidence-based practice : Models and Guidelines
Dearholt, S., Dang, Deborah, & Sigma Theta Tau International. (2012). Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-based Practice : Models and Guidelines.
The "evidence pyramid" is often used to illustrate the levels of evidence in the literature. When beginning your search for evidence, begin at the highest possible tier.
Filtered information is "pre-appraised." This means that the content has been filtered to include studies and reviews that are of higher quality. Keep in mind that the amount of available literature and the number of problems covered gets smaller as you move up the pyramid.
Unfiltered information represents the original studies. These tiers may not contain studies of high quality and strong evidence, but they cover a much broader range of clinical problems and are much more available.
Source: Dreker, P. (2018). "MSN - Masters of Science in Nursing: Evidence Based Practice". Retrieved from https://libguides.rutgers.edu/c.php?g=534440&p=3655922