Citations or entries in your Works Cited list are made up of core elements. These core elements are what describe a source so you and your reader can find them.
By identifying the core elements, you are answering the following questions:
This applies to all sources. (MLA Handbook, 8th edition, p.13).
When creating your citation, you want to write it in the order specified below. Each element is followed by the punctuation mark shown, unless it is the last element, which will be followed by a period. Some elements are optional depending on the source you are citing. (MLA Handbook, 8th edition, p.20
What type of source do you need to cite? Book, article, website, etc.?
See examples on the right showing how the core elements are applied to different sources.
How do the core elements become a citation on your Works Cited page?
An Essay in a Book Collection
How do the core elements of an eBook become a citation on your Works Cited page?
|1. Author.||Krampner, Jon.|
|2. Title of Source.||Creamy & Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food.|
CONTAINER 1 (BOOK INFO)
|3. Title of container,|
|4. Other contributors,|
|7. Publisher,||Columbia University Press,|
|8. Publication date,||2013.|
CONTAINER 2 (DATABASE INFO)
|3. Title of container,||eBook Academic Collection, (NAME OF DATABASE YOU FOUND EBOOK IN)|
|8. Publication date,|
|9. Location.||http://search.ebscohost.com.jwunmiz.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=944982&site=ehost-live. (URL)|
Works Cited List Entry:
Krampner, Jon. Creamy & Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food. Columbia University Press, 2013. eBook Academic Collection, http://search.ebscohost.com.jwunmiz.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=944982&site=ehost-live.
How do the core elements of an article from a library database become a citation in your Works Cited page?
A Journal Article Retrieved from a Database
**PLEASE NOTE: YOU CAN BE MORE SPECIFIC. USE THE TITLE OF THE DATABASE YOU ARE SEARCHING AS THE TITLE OF YOUR 2ND CONTAINER (SUCH AS ACADEMIC SEARCH COMPLETE OR BUSINESS SOURCE COMPLETE).**
How do the core elements of a web site become a citation on your Works Cited page?
A Video on a Website
|"What's Hot in 2016 Culinary Forecast."|
|National Restaurant Association,|
|5 Nov. 2015,|
|Canadian Braodcasting Corp.,|
|Films on Demand,|